MINDFULNESS BASED COGNITIVE THERAPY
Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a type of psychotherapy which combines features of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with mindfulness training. It was originally designed to help people who are prone to depression and anxiety. The aim of MBCT is not directly for relaxation or happiness in and of themselves, but rather, a "freedom from the tendency to get drawn into automatic reactions to thoughts, feelings, and events".
THE SCIENCE BEHIND MBCT
HOW DOES IT WORK?
MBCT teaches you to pay attention to what is happening in your present moment experience – rather than worrying/ruminating about the past or the future – and to let go of negative thoughts and judgments that can send people into the downward mood spiral into a full blown depression. MBCT also emphasizes the importance of developing bodily awareness which allows you to identify the "early warning signs" that depression could be looming.
Three randomized clinical trials of MBCT prove it reduces rates of relapse by 50% for chronic depression.
MBCT is as effective as antidepressant medication for preventing depressive relapse or recurrence (Kuyken et al., 2015).
MBCT is an equally effecient treatment to antidepressant medication in preventing relapse in previously depressed patients (Segal et al., 2010).
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